Tul (or patterns) are various fundamental movements, most of which represent either attack or defense techniques, set to a fixed and logical sequence.
Thus tul practice enables the student to go through many fundamental movements in series, to develop sparring techniques, improve flexibility of movements, master body shifting, build muscles and breath control, develop fluid and smooth motions, and gain rythmical movements.
The following points should be considered while performing patterns:
- Pattern should begin and end at exactly the same spot. This will indicate the performer's accuracy.
- Correct posture and facing must be maintained at all times.
- Muscles of the body should be either tensed or relaxed at the proper critical moments in the exercise.
- the exercise should be performed in a rhythmic movement with an absence of stiffness.
- Movements should be accelerated or decelerated according to the instructions.
- Each pattern should be perfected before moving to the next.
- Students should know the purpose of each movement.
- Students should perform each movement with realism.
- Attack and defence techniques should be equally distributed among right and left hands and feet.
There are twenty-four patterns in taekwondo:
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